HVAC, a Career on the Rise
As stated above, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS 2019) is anticipating a 13 percent increase in openings for HVAC technicians (i.e., mechanics and installers) between 2018 and 2028. The wealth of opportunities for HVAC professionals has emerged for several reasons. Not only do most HVAC units have a lifespan of roughly ten years—requiring continual upkeep and maintenance—but also many businesses and homeowners stand to save money by making systems more efficient or “greener.” Energy Star (2015)—a voluntary program promoting energy use efficiency created by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)—reports that the combined annual energy costs of commercial and residential properties is $400 billion, and an astounding 30 percent of all energy used in commercial buildings is wasted.
HVAC is also a relatively lucrative field, paying a median annual wage of $50,160, with a median hourly wage of $22.89, significantly higher than the median hourly wage for all occupations, which is $18.58 (BLS 2019). Not surprisingly, HVAC professionals’ average salary fluctuates by region, industry, level of experience, and source of data.
For instance, the BLS (2019) found that the top-paying states for HVAC specialists were:
District of Columbia, $33.47 per hour
Alaska, $31.87 per hour
Connecticut, $30.86 per hour
Hawaii, $29.65 per hour
Massachusetts, $28.79 per hour
The top-employing states in HVAC looks quite different (BLS 2019):
Florida, with 29,650 HVAC jobs
California, with 27,720 jobs
Texas, with 25,290 jobs
New York, with 19,160 jobs
Pennsylvania, with 15,330 jobs
It’s crucial to note that the cost of living (i.e., the purchasing power of these salaries) varies significantly by region. As proof of point, the Missouri Economic Research and Information Center (MERIC 2017) notes that the most expensive states in the country were concentrated in the west and northeast: Hawaii, District of Columbia, California, New York, and Alaska. The least expensive areas—mainly hailing from the midwest and south—were Mississippi, Arkansas, Michigan, Alabama, and Oklahoma.
Additionally, three of the 10 top-paying municipalities for HVAC services were located in California, two were in Illinois, and the rest were scattered throughout the western and northeastern United States (BLS 2019).
Overall, the BLS (2019) reported the following salary ranges for HVAC professionals across the country:
10th percentile: $29,460
25th percentile: $36,520
50th percentile (median): $47,610
75th percentile: $60,900
90th percentile: $76,230
Other data sources, however, found slightly lower figures. Payscale (2019)—a site which relies on self-reported salaries in various employment sectors—found the following salary ranges among its 4,834 HVAC respondents:
10th percentile: $30,000
50th percentile (median): $46,000
90th percentile: $72,000
For more information on employment trends in the HVAC industry, check out the HVAC careers page.